The Gulf of the Poets owes its name to the playwright Sam Benelli. During the funeral of Paolo Mantegazza, 30 August 1910, he said: "Blessed are you, oh, Poet of Science, may he rest in peace in the Gulf of the Poets. Blessed are you, inhabitants of this Gulf, you have found a man who will welcome worthily the shadows of the great visitors..."
Benelli was refering to the many other poets and writers who in the past had spent periods of residence in those villages.
It is impossible not to mention among them the writer David Herbert Lawrence, the poet Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, the writer and painter George Sand. The writer Emma Orczy, author of "The Scarlet Pimpernel" built a house in Lerici, where she lived from 1927 to 1933.
Among noticiable Italians who have spent time in the Gulf of the Poets we find Gabriele d'Annunzio, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, the writer and director Mario Soldati and Indro Montanelli.
Still today, the Gulf is a popular destination for many writers, filmmakers and poets looking for inspiration, tranquillity and unspoiled nature.